African and Asia may soon become biomass pellets exporters
Most developing countries are recognizing the need to evaluate biomass pellet business using wastes and bioenergy crops. Let's analyze the potential and opportunities to invest on biomass pellet production in African and Asia countries.
MOZAMBIQUE: Mozambique has received a lot of attention in past years regarding the possibilities to produce biofuels (e.g. Jatropha) or wood (e.g. Eucalyptus). It was pointed out that the technical production potential for wood pellets (or advanced biofuels) from eucalyptus may reach up to 6.7 EJ (equivalent of approximately 270 million tonnes of wood pellets). Production costs of eucalyptus vary from 0.6 to 1.15 Euro/GJ for biomass productivities ranging between 7 and 25 t dm/ha/yr for arid to productive regions.
WESTERN AFRICA: Bioenergy could become an 'engine of growth' for several West African countries hard hit by the world food crisis and rising oil prices, the United Nations Foundation said recently. Opportunities for bioenergy development include the production of bioethanol from sugarcane and sweet sorghum; the use of liquid biofuels for small-scale electricity generation and adapting diesel engines to run on biofuels.
PAKISTAN AND INDIA: The market and interest continues to grow as several pulp mills, sugarcane factories and many other bio based industries are starting business on biomass. Energy plantations are needed and biomass costs are very low. In rural Pakistan and India, the access to commercial energy resources is limited; the majority of the households still heavily rely on traditional methods of using wood, animal waste and crop waste for domestic fuel needs. Efficiencies of use are very low and most of the potential is wasted because of non-scientific conventional technologies. Consequently there is an obligatory need to develop modern bio-energy technologies since renewable resources may serve to supplement the long-term energy needs of Pakistan to a significant level. Though the bio-resource base of Pakistan is substantial, its contribution to useful energy is low. Here we called attention to issues and challenges in biomass utilization for energy in Pakistan in context of sustainable development.
SE ASIA: most countries in the region have been increasing their biomass sector. Bioenergy International reports on one wood pellet plant of 100 k-tonne capacity on the Indonesian part of Papua New Guinee of 100 k-tonnes. Furthermore, in September 2010, the company Solar Park Indonesia reported that they have built a wood pellet plant situated on Java of 80 k-tonne capacity, using sawdust from tropical hardwood, and focused 100% on export to the EU, Japan and Korea. With a large and rapidly expanding timber industry, Vietnam could potentially become an important wood pellet producer – the total technical potential of sawdust was estimated to be 5.8 million tonnes, of which the largest part is located in the western Highlands (2.5 million tonnes) and central Vietnam (1.15million tonnes).